What Are Nanoplastics?

What Are Nanoplastics?

Nanoplastics are a new type of plastic that differs from conventional plastic nanocomposites in several ways. First, they can manufacture them at the nanoscale, meaning they can arrange their particles in patterns that do not occur naturally.

It allows them to have properties that differ significantly from other types of plastic and enables nano-plastic materials to have particular properties based on their makeup. For example, some plastic nanocomposite materials can efficiently conduct electricity, while others are good insulators.

Nanoplastics are a newer plastic category still in the research and development stages. They have a variety of potential applications in many fields, from construction to medicine.

While their applications are yet to be fully known, their potential to revolutionize the world of plastics is vast. One of the first types to be created was nano-polystyrene, and it quickly became apparent that it had several uses, such as fabricating transistors and other electronic devices.

What Are Nanoplastics Made Out Of?

They are made from microplastic particles arranged in a crystalline structure that allows them to be incorporated into plastics. Just as their species and environment dictate the size of humans’ bones and teeth, so does the size of nano plastics – in all cases, the particles are controlled by the size and shape so that they can readily assemble into solid objects.

It is important to note that although nanotechnology polymers make nano plastics, they are not identical to nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are materials that have microscopic precision, and they can typically be in powder, bullets, pills, and other objects.

Nanoplastics, on the other hand, only use naturally occurring particles, but their arrangement into a crystalline structure allows them to be incorporated into plastics nanocomposites or other objects.

What Are The Benefits Of Nanoplastics?

The primary benefit of nanoplastics is their strength and durability. Because of their small size and crystalline structure, they can pack more atoms into a given space while at the same time having much greater tensile strength than other plastics.

They also have a shallow center of gravity and tend to be quite stiff and inflexible. However, nanoplastics offer numerous advantages on top of strength and durability, including:

High Strength

These materials’ high strength and low weight density make them ideal for transportation applications. They can be used as interiors or exteriors in vehicles, sidewalks, or subway stations. You can also use them to make cargo containers for many uses like chemicals, food, and even people.

Efficient Manufacturing

Because the arrangement of particles  is exact and specific, the manufacturing process only needs minimal steps. It means that market time for these materials is short, and they can fully develop and on the market within five or ten years.


The small size of nano plastics allows their use in many applications that are impossible with conventional plastics. Because they are manufactured in much smaller quantities than other plastics, they are easier to incorporate into electronic devices, batteries, clothing, and even retinas. Their small size also makes them very useful in applications that require high precision.


Nanoplastics are nearly transparent to specific wavelengths of light, allowing them to create explicit plastic materials that can handle more light than conventional plastics. They are also non-toxic and very recyclable, which is a significant improvement over many other types of plastics currently used in industry.

Smart Self-healing Properties

You can use the materials in many different ways, but they are instrumental in creating self-healing sealants that can heal themselves repeatedly, even when damaged.


Bio-based polymers that match the properties of our workhorse plastics but are biodegradable are another potential application of nano plastics. It would allow them to be reused and recycled instead of rendered useless when they are no longer needed.

What Are Its Applications?

Now that you know the primary benefits of nanoplastics, it’s time to know its numerous applications. Here are a few:


With their strength and durability properties, nanoplastics can produce a wide range of materials for buildings, bridges, roads, and walls. Because they are more robust than conventional plastics, they can absorb more energy without cracking or breaking. They can also make very lightweight building materials that can be moved around easily but still have the same strength and durability as traditional building materials.

Automotive Industry

Nanoplastics are an ideal material for use in the automotive industry because of their high strength and low weight. You can use them to make the interiors, exteriors, and even the exteriors of cars, trucks, and buses. Because they are instrumental in transportation, they can be used for airplanes, rockets, and boats to submarines.

High-tech Materials

Some nanoplastics are also great for high-tech materials because of their high strength and durability. Despite having a crystalline structure, some nano plastics still have a lot of flexibility and elasticity, which means that you can incorporate other materials into them to create metamaterials that have properties that are extremely difficult to achieve using conventional plastics.


Some nanoplastics are very useful in medicine because they absorb light, opening up many possible medical imaging applications. Another application that is considered promising is using nano plastics in computer chips, which could allow for more powerful and smaller computers.


Because of their high strength and low density, nano plastics can make strong materials that you can use to drive turbines or even electrical generators. You can also use them in solar cells since they absorb a lot of sunlight and convert that light into electricity very efficiently.


With their non-toxic properties, nano plastics can utilize food packaging, which means they do not contaminate the food inside. Because of their ability to protect and preserve foods, you can also use them to make containers to hold any edible material, including meat, fish, fruits, or vegetables.

Why Keller Plastics Is The Best Nanotechnology Profile Extruder

As leading plastic extrusion manufacturers, Keller Plastics has knowledgeable and skilled staff to produce your nanoplastics needs.

Nanoparticles & Nanocomposites

Keller Plastics can produce new microplastics and nanocomposite products that are real game changers for our customers. Nanotechnology is becoming a critical technology for many applications in many industries, but for the most part, it is still underdeveloped.


Nanoplastics can make a wide range of different plastics or microplastics with properties that are very beneficial for our customers. The US uses minuscule particles for applications such as flooring and development for cosmetics.

Advanced Polymers and High-Performance Materials

Keller Plastics can make nanotechnology polymers such as copolymers, ionomers, and thermoplastic elastomers with better properties than conventional products. We can also make polymer blends and multiphase systems that have improved mechanical properties.


Nanoplastics can be of use in a large number of applications with excellent properties of strength and durability. For example, you can use them to make self-healing sealants that can heal themselves over and over, even when damaged.

Nanotechnology has a lot of potential for the future of not only the plastics industry but for many types of industries as well. With its ability to make products that have qualities one cannot achieve with conventional plastics, along with its potential for use in so many different types of applications, it is almost certain that nanotechnology will grow to become an essential part of the future. Contact us and request a quote today!

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